• Login
  • Register
  • Search

Analysis of the suitability of road mirrors for future telematics solutions

Dariusz Masłowski


A huge and quite important role in safe exit from the street with limited visibility plays traffic mirrors. Traffic mirrors, also known as safety mirrors or blind spot mirrors, have a significant impact on road safety. These mirrors are designed with a curved surface that allows for a wider field of view, making it easier for drivers to see objects and vehicles that may be in their blind spots. In order to commit a safe maneuver driver should be confident that the car moving down the street is at a sufficient and safe distance from the exit. Of course, the driver needs to have a perception of the time of the moving car to the place of exit from the street. All of these things play a significant role in safety exit and avoiding collisions. Traffic mirrors ensure an overview of the situation on the road. Moreover, the driver can measure the approximate distance by counting time for approaching the car. The experiment presented in the work is based on the time of the car’s approach. The purpose of this article is to detect the optimal time as well as distance before the street with limited visibility in order to exit the street safely and to avoid collisions. In this paper, we provide systematic approach to the research of a data and statistics of this data.


safety; traffic mirror; intersection with limited visibility; blind spot; transport; telematics

Full Text:


Included Database


Symon E. Road Accidents in Poland in 2021 [Polish]. Available online: https://statystyka.policja.pl/download/20/381967/Wypadkidrogowe2021.pdf (accessed on 7 January 2023).

Sundfør HB, Sagberg F, Høye A. Inattention and distraction in fatal road crashes—Results from in-depth crash investigations in Norway. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2019; 125: 152–157. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2019.02.004

Shi Y, Ying X, Zha H. Unsupervised domain adaptation for semantic segmentation of urban street scenes reflected by convex mirrors. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2022; 23(12): 24276–24289. doi: 10.1109/TITS.2022.3208334

Mori M, Horino S, Inomata Y, et al. Low-cost and low-technology oriented improvement of visual environment at intersections by ergonomic installation of traffic convex mirrors for preventive safety against crossing collisions. daehan-ingangonghaghoe hagsuldaehoenonmunjib 2007; 59–61.

Horsburgh JS, Tarboton DG, Piasecki M, et al. An integrated system for publishing environmental observations data. Environmental Modelling & Software 2009; 24(8): 879–888. doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.01.002

Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure (Polish). Available online: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU20030320262/O/D20030262.pdf (accessed on 19 October 2023).

Jang JS, Javidi B. Three-dimensional projection integral imaging using micro-convex-mirror arrays. Optics Express 2004; 12(6): 1077–1083. doi: 10.1364/OPEX.12.001077

Available online: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU20032202181/O/D20032181.pdf (accessed on 19 October 2023).

Trifunović A, Ivanišević T, Čičević S, et al. Do statistics show differences between distance estimations of 3D objects in the traffic environment using glances, side view mirrors, and camera display? Mathematics 2023; 11(5): 1258. doi: 10.3390/math11051258

Zhang C, Steinhauser F, Hinz G, Knoll A. Traffic mirror-aware POMDP behavior planning for autonomous urban driving. In: Proceedings of the 2022 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV); 4–9 June 2022; Aachen, Germany. pp. 323–330.

Wang J, Bai J, Wang K, Gao S. Design of stereo imaging system with a panoramic annular lens and a convex mirror. Optics Express 2022; 30(11): 19017–19029. doi: 10.1364/OE.456155

Dhalwar S, Ruby S, Salgar S, Padiri B. Image processing based traffic convex mirror detection. In: Proceedings of the 2019 Fifth International Conference on Image Information Processing (ICIIP); 15–17 November 2019; Shimla, India. pp. 41–45.

Sokri A. Signal Convex Mirror [Bachelor’s thesis]. Universiti Teknologi MARA; 2020.

Datka S, Suchorzewski W, Tracz M. Traffic Engineering [Polish]. Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i Łączności; 2001.

Ball J, Danaher D, Ziernicki R. A Method for Determining and Presenting Driver Visibility in Commercial Vehicles. SAE Technical Paper; 2007.

Narkhede MM, Chopade NB. Review of advanced driver assistance systems and their applications for collision avoidance in urban driving scenario. In: Misra R, Shyamasundar RK, Chaturvedi A, Omer R (editors). Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Machine Learning and Big Data Analytics, Proceedings of International Conference on Machine Learning and Big Data Analytics (ICMLBDA) 2021; 29–30 March 2021; Patna, India. Springer; 2021. Volume 256, pp. 253–267.

Hahnel UJJ, Hecht H. The impact of rear-view mirror distance and curvature on judgements relevant to road safety. Ergonomics 2012; 55(1): 23–36. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2011.638402

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18686/mt.v12i1.9488