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How Leadership Effectiveness Impacts the Evaluation of Male and Female Leaders

Jingyan Liang


The opinion that female leaders are not as efficient as male leaders was not true nor institutionalized (Waring, 2003). Leadership attributes were dominated by males in the field of leadership studies is common to see. There have been prior meta-analyses (Eagly & Carli, 2007; Flabbi et al., 2019) which found that women in authority positions were more democratic (or participative) and less autocratic (or direct). In today's world, women outperform men in terms of productivity (Egly & Carli, 2007). However, women's research is underrepresented, and the quantitative features of gender leadership studies remain largely similar. Research concentrating on the dialogue between male and female effectiveness should be revived, since the examination of leadership and leadership effectiveness was clearer than that of person and gender roles (Johnson et al., 2008). It is vital to have an understanding into how women lead effectively and what elements impact women leadership.


Leadership Effectiveness; Genders; Leadership Theories

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18686/mmf.v6i2.4265