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Study on the Internal Mechanism and Avoidance Path of Free-Riding Behavior from the Perspective of Team Common Goal Perception

Feimin Liu, Junjie Zhu, Jiawen Xu, Fanfan Qiu, Lijie Lin


To clarify the internal mechanism and related avoidance path of “free-riding” behavior under the perception of team common goals, this study constructs a relevant model, and investigates the internal relationship and operation mechanism of shared goals, team members’ charisma, and “free-riding” behavior through the research of individual and overall variables of team members, and obtains the avoidance path of related behavior according to the survey data and literature research. The research takes college students as the main object of investigation and adopts a questionnaire form to investigate the perception of their team’s “free-riding” behavior. The results show that: (1) after controlling other factors, shared goals have a significantly negative correlation with “free-riding” behavior; (2) Team members’ charisma is the mediating variable of the relationship between shared goals and “free-riding” behavior; (3) The predictive effect of shared goals on “free-riding” behavior and the mediating effect of team members’ charisma is moderated by team support.


“Free-Riding” Behavior; Shared Goals; Team Members’ Charisma; Team Support; Mediating Effect; Regulation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18686/mmf.v6i3.4373